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  Mozambique - Africa  

8 million plus hectares of Mozambique has been deforested, that's the size of Portugal and 45% of the population live below the poverty line.Through our partnerships we can help tackle poverty and deliver climate, biodiversity and local-level benefits to communities.

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Mozambique is home to extensive biodiversity and varying landscapes with forests at the core of its social, environmental and economic wellbeing. However more than 8 million hectare's of forest have been destroyed. Cyclones, floods, cutting down trees for firewood and charcoal, clearing large areas for farmland and commercial logging are the leading causes of deforestation in this area.

Located in the district of Boane, the Mahubo site lies due south of the capital city, Maputo. The local community is made up of over 102,000 people, most of whom rely on agriculture for their livelihood. The reforestation site is 576 hectares, with a capacity of 10,000 trees per hectare with a total planting capacity of 4,000,000 trees.

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Mangrove REFORESTATION - Site Name: District of Boane, Mahubo 

  The Importance of Reforestation in Mozambique

  Tree Species Planted  

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Rhizophora Mucronata is a slow-growing, evergreen tree growing up to 27 metres tall, with a bole 50 - 70 cm in diameter. The tree produces numerous stilt roots from the base. One seed is developed per fruit and starts to germinate when the fruit is still attached or hanging on the tree. The root (radicle) gradually protrudes from the fruit, at first like a green cigar, then grows into a rod-like structure. In this species such a seedling root (hypocotyl) with a rough and warty surface may attain a considerable length (sometimes over 100 cm), the largest and longest in the genus.

Bruguiera Gymnorhiza has the largest leaves, flowers, propagules and lenticels of all Bruguiera species. The name Large-Leafed Orange Mangrove comes from the orange flowers and the large leaves that can reach up to 25cm in length. They grow about 20 to 25 degrees north and south of the equator in an area with subtropical to tropical climates. These conditions enable this evergreen tree to produce leaves and shoots during the whole year. The leaves have an elliptic shape, the upper side is smooth and dark green, the bottom is waxy and light green. Occasionally three or four leaves are formed simultaneously.

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Ceriops Tagal is a medium-sized tree growing to a height of 25 metres (80 ft) with a trunk diameter of up to 45 cm (18 in). The growth habit is columnar or multi-stemmed and the tree develops large buttress roots. The radiating anchor roots are sometimes exposed and may loop up in places. The bark is silvery-grey to orangeish-brown, smooth with occasional pustular lenticels. 

Tree Species
History & Location

The Mahubo planting site comprises a narrow strip of partially degraded mangrove forests, located on the western bank of the Tembe river, approximately 18 kilometers south of its confluence with the Mbuluzi, Matola and Infulene rivers that form the “Estuário do Espírito Santo“ delta. This large estuary flows into Maputo harbor, the main commercial seaport of Maputo Bay in Mozambique


The mangrove forests in this area are an important habitat for marine life, birds, and animals such as turtles and crocodiles. Marine animals include the d'Urville's fiddler crab (Tubuca urvillei), mud crabs (Scylla serrata), mudskippers (Periophthalmus kalolo), and many species of sea snails and slugs.


The mangrove ecosystem of Mahubo also supports several native bird species, including the mangrove kingfisher (Halcyon senegaloides), a small, colorful bird commonly found in estuaries and mangrove forests along the east coast of sub-Saharan Africa. Smaller mammals, including shrews and rats, are quite common in parts of these mangrove forests, while the red bush squirrel and vervet monkeys are sometimes observed.

Mangroves are incredible for so many reasons, stemming from their ability to grow and thrive on the boundary of ocean and land.

The trees’ unique adaptations to salinity make wherever they grow a vital haven for wildlife and an important resource for the hundreds of millions of people living near these ecosystems. Their importance to people and wildlife could not be any clearer as ever-growing impacts of climate change and biodiversity loss threaten our planet.

Mangroves are some of the most powerful trees on our planet. Mangrove soils are highly effective carbon sinks. They are among the most carbon-rich tropical ecosystems globally and can contain more carbon per square metre than tropical rainforests. An acre of mangroves can store 5 to 10 times more carbon that an acre of rainforest, therefore, planting and conserving these amazing forests is essential to the wellbeing of our planet and people.


Mangroves are tropical marine forests with huge potential. They protect coastlines from erosion and storm surge, tsunamis and provide food and shelter for a diverse array of wildlife, and nursery habitats for commercially important fish and shellfish.

An estimated two thirds of the fish that are eaten in Mozambique spend part of their lives in the mangroves which act as their breeding and nursery grounds.


Mangrove species do not require nurseries. At 3-5 years of age, mangroves begin to produce and drop their own propagules (seeds), which can be used to give rise to a new tree. These propagules may be collected from existing trees or from trees previously planted. Mangroves are planted year-round in Mozambique.

Our reforestation partner hires local people to reforest their region by planting mangrove trees while stimulating economic growth, breaking the cycle of poverty, and empowering the community whilst building economic resilience.

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